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Al Jazari Childhood & Education...

™Al Jazari was the most outstanding mechanical engineer of his time. His full name was Badi’ al-Zaman Abu-‘l-‘Izz Ibn Isma’il Ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari. Al-Jazari was born in Damascus at a time where his parents were long past the age of having children yet his father (a merchant), had not given up all hope of having a child even after 40 years of marriage. It is said that Al-Jazari was born after his father’s prayers for a son during the Hajj. He completed the memorization of the Quran at the age of 13 and learned the art of Qur’anic recitation at an early age. Damascus, al-Jazari founded and headed Dar al-Qur’an, a school that specialized in Qur’anic sciences. He travelled to Mecca, Medina, Cairo and Alexandria where he took knowledge from its scholars and in 774 AH, he was authorized by his teacher Ibn Kathir  to issue verdicts in Islamic law. He served as a qadi (judge) of Damascus in 793 AH and later in Shiraz where he died. He lived in Diyar-Bakir (in Turkey) during the 6th century H (late 1 He was called Al-Jazari after the place of his birth, Al-Jazira, the area lying between the Tigris and the Euphrates in Mesopotamia. Like his father before him, he served the Artuqid kings of Diyar-Bakir for several decades as a mechanical engineer. In 1206, he completed an outstanding book on engineering entitled Al-Jami’ bayn al-‘ilm wa-‘l-‘amal al-nafi’ fi sinat’at al-hiyal in Arabic. It was a compendium of theoretical and practical mechanics.2th century-early 13th century CE). Some of his devices were inspired by earlier devices, such as one of his monumental water clocks, which were based on that of a Pseudo – Archimedes. He also cites the influence of the Banu Musa brothers for his fountains, Al – Asturlabi for the design of a candle clock,...

Al-Khawarizmy: Childhood and Upbringing (WRITING) May14

Al-Khawarizmy: Childhood and Upbringing (WRITING)...

Not much is known about Al-Khawarizmy’s childhood and upbringing, which is unfortunate as it may have held a key to his genius mind. Considering he lived in a time almost obsolete to us, very little is recorded of him due to irregular and incompetent means of recording and preservoing data. He was born in a Persian family in Chorasmia, in Central Western Asia (Uzbekistan today)   in 780. He was raised in the Medieval Era, The Islamic Golden Era, which is somewhat an indication to his success. His nation was successful, rising and stable, providing an environment that can and did promote intelligence and creativity. This eventually led to incredible inventions, contributions and an influence today that cannot be disregarded. His father was a man of education, he believed in its importance and power, as well as that of religion. This, he passed on to his son, which is obviously evident as this had a major effect on his life. Very little is known about his personal life. The preface of his Algebra indicates he was an Orthodox Muslim, but other sources dictate that he might have been a follower of the Zoroastrian religion in his early days. He completed Algebra along with several other books in Baghdad, which had developed into the center of scientific studies in the world perhaps, as not only did Persians like Al-Khawarizmy move there, but scientists from as far as China and India travelled to the city. He worked in The House of Wisdom, a scientific research and teaching center, established by Caliph al-Ma’mun, where he studied sciences and math. Al-Kawarizmy is referred to as “…one of the greatest minds of Islam, he influenced mathematical thought to a greater extent than any other medieval writer.” He has not only...

Ibn Miskawayh – writing – Salma AMK...

Ibn Miskawayh was a Muslim intellectual who mostly based his works around metaphysical philosophy, ethics, and humanism. Besides being a philosopher/scientist, he also served as a government official (a Buwayhid official at Baghdad, Isfahan and Rayy). Ibn Miskawayh tried to associate Greek philosophers’ ideas to his own idea of Islam and the existence of God. Besides his philosophical and metaphysical views, Ibn Miskawayh had much to do with human ethics (which is considered his magnum opus)....

Ibn Khaldun’s Legacy/Impact...

Ibn Khaldun was considered an iconic figure for people in the Middle East, but what seemed quite fascinating was that his legacy emanated throughout the West. This was the result of the biographies that were published in around the 1690s. The westrens were impressed with the idea of the philosophy of history and hence he became even more famous due to his intellect. It is believed that the main contributor that gave his name the fame in the western world is the fact that his philosophical books were translated. A British historian much like Ibn Khaldoun commented on his writing stating it was “undoubtedly the greatest work of its kind that has ever yet been created by any mind in any time or place,” and that of course led to other people trusting the views of this historian and giving Khaldoun even more attention. Ibn Khaldoun until this day is viewed to be one of the most influential figures because of his lifestyle, his traveling, and insightful theories. The title of “father of sociology” still remains his because of his thoughts and observations of the social etiquettes in the tribes and he was logical with his theories. His cultural knowledge that he bestowed upon his people and the whole world through his writings, it also explains the concept of asabiyya and enriches the understanding of the people. What Ibn Khaldoun initially aimed at was finding answers to certain questions that revolved around the idea of the historical change and the methods of philosophy together. Knowing that he was able to accomplish this much when it was not what he started doing at the beginning, is a motivation to other Muslims to attempt and reach what he did and expand further. There isn’t a specific...