Jaber Bin Hayyan

Jaber Ibn Hayyan is a great Arabic scientist that was born in 721 and died in 815; he was born and lived in Iraq. He was an Arabic doctor and chemist, and he became a genius in old chemistry. He wrote 200 to 500 books about all his inventions. They used to call him “Father of Arab chemistry”.  His father was a pharmacist of the Arabian Azd tribe. He made had a lot of achievements in chemistry, he was the first one to discover the sodium hydroxide he was also the first to prepare he gold water, and to discover a way for separate silver from gold. He prepared Nitric acid and hydrochloric acid. Finally he modified the ways for melting, crystallization, evaporation, distillation and clarification.   Jaber Ibn Hayyan also discovered the theory of putting specific amount of substances together to make new substances or produce a reaction. He was the one who built the bases for chemistry and experimentation and by emphasizing the whole process of experimentation, observation and reproducible.  Jaber Ibn Hayyan affected the world greatly today; evidence for his work is the term alkali which made its way into many European languages. He also wrote many books that were then translated for example, Kitab al-Kimya that was translated by Robert of Chester as “The Book of the Composition of Alchemy,” and Kitab al’-Sab’een....

Photos- Flickr Apr09

Photos- Flickr

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