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Ibn-Sina (Writing)

Ibn-Sina, whose Latin name was Avicenna, was a Muslim scientist in the 10th century whom the world was grateful to for his significant discoveries and phenomenal creations in numerous areas, such as Psychology, Medicine and Geology. He was born in 980 and passed away in 1037CE. He wrote a total of 450 books and his most well known writings were Al Qanun Fi-l Tibb and Fi Aqsam Al-Ulum Al-Aqliyyah. He was known to be the Father of Modern Medicine, Father of Geology, and Father of Clinical Pharmacology.

Avicenna was born in Central Asia near Bukhara and he had a father who ruled a village in one of the royal districts. He started studying medicine when he was only thirteen-years-old. The Sultan of Bukhara recognized his evident intelligence and intellect; as a result, he was permitted to use the library of the sultan and advance in his research and knowledge with the books, manuscripts, and rare documents the sultan had.

In medicine, he wrote the initial description of an inflammation called meningitis, drew the cranial sutures, described and explained pulsation, surgical procedures of intubation, and spreading of diseases by water and soil. All these diagrams and drawings were all advanced by scientist after his era of medical prosperity and lead to further discoveries and creations. Furthermore, he discovered numerous diseases that were sexually transmitted and the causes of bleeding and the escape of blood from vessels in the human body.

In the field of astronomy, he concluded that the Earth was closer to planet Venus than it was to the Sun, and he also solved Ptolemaic model’s equant problem. In chemistry, the steam distillation and refrigerated coil were his inventions. The inventions were later evolved and used till our modern time. There were several other fields and areas he came up with inventions and discoveries in them.

 

Sources:

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/45755/Avicenna/516/Influence-in-medicine

http://www.shininghistory.com/2009/09/ibn-sina-avicenna.html?m=1, www.muslimphilosophy.com/sina/art/ibn%20Sina-REP.htm