Al Jazari Childhood & Education

™Al Jazari was the most outstanding mechanical engineer of his time. His full name was Badi’ al-Zaman Abu-‘l-‘Izz Ibn Isma’il Ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari. Al-Jazari was born in Damascus at a time where his parents were long past the age of having children yet his father (a merchant), had not given up all hope of having a child even after 40 years of marriage. It is said that Al-Jazari was born after his father’s prayers for a son during the Hajj. He completed the memorization of the Quran at the age of 13 and learned the art of Qur’anic recitation at an early age. Damascus, al-Jazari founded and headed Dar al-Qur’an, a school that specialized in Qur’anic sciences. He travelled to Mecca, Medina, Cairo and Alexandria where he took knowledge from its scholars and in 774 AH, he was authorized by his teacher Ibn Kathir  to issue verdicts in Islamic law. He served as a qadi (judge) of Damascus in 793 AH and later in Shiraz where he died. He lived in Diyar-Bakir (in Turkey) during the 6th century H (late 1 He was called Al-Jazari after the place of his birth, Al-Jazira, the area lying between the Tigris and the Euphrates in Mesopotamia. Like his father before him, he served the Artuqid kings of Diyar-Bakir for several decades as a mechanical engineer. In 1206, he completed an outstanding book on engineering entitled Al-Jami’ bayn al-‘ilm wa-‘l-‘amal al-nafi’ fi sinat’at al-hiyal in Arabic. It was a compendium of theoretical and practical mechanics.2th century-early 13th century CE). Some of his devices were inspired by earlier devices, such as one of his monumental water clocks, which were based on that of a Pseudo – Archimedes. He also cites the influence of the Banu Musa brothers for his fountains, Al – Asturlabi for the design of a candle clock, and Hibat Allah ibn al-Husayn (d. 1139) for musical automata.