Al Razi

Muhammad ibn Zakariyā Rāzī is an excessive Persian Muslim scientist, who left a legacy in history with his brilliantness. He studied lots of different sciences, and later became physician, alchemist and chemist, philosopher, and scholar. He was born in August 26, 865, in Rayy near Tehran, Iran.  He died in October 15 925.he also lived most of his life in Baghdad, and he was chief physician on both cities.

He was apparently into music before he started his studies in science and philosophy. He always studied the translated Greek medical books, so when he grew up he became a much known scientist. Later on, his books were translated to Latin’s, and to kings of other countries, and the people who translated they were non-Muslims, and the people asked for the translations were also non-Muslims.

When he decided to open a hospital, he did a very clever action to build the hospital in the most possible purified place.  Which was cutting pieces of meat into quarters, and putting them in different places of the city and the last one that becomes rotten; it becomes the place for his new hospital. He was also known for his kindness, because the poor patients that were in his hospitals, he always took good care of them and they were properly fed.

He wrote more than 200 books, and he really felt that it was very important to write the sources. There are two main very popular books that he wrote, Comprehensive Book on Medicine and Kitab fi al-jadari wa-al-hasbah. The first book talked it had 10 chapters talking about medicine and different diseases. This book was important because a lot of information from the Greek, Indian, and early Arabic writings were lost, and he had these sources of information.

He also wrote another much known book about small pox and measles, where he built on the information that Thabit ibn Qurrah produced, and made more influential statements.  He also wrote other treatises and tracts about how to cure diseases in one hour, and curing lots of sick organs in the children’s body