ibn al nafis writing

Ala-al-din Abu Al-Hassan Ali ibn Abi-Hazm al-Qarshi al-Dimashqi, known as Ibn al-Nafis, He was born in 1213 in Damascus and died in December 17, 1288, Cairo. In 1236 Ibn Nafis moved to Egypt and worked in Al-Nassri Hospital then in Al-Mansouri Hospital he became a physicians. When he died in 1288 A.D. he donated his house, library and clinic to the Mansuriya Hospital. Other than medicine, Ibn al-Nafis learned jurisprudence, literature and theology. He became an expert on the Shafi’i school of jurisprudence.


He was an Arab physician who is mostly famous for being the first to describe the pulmonary circulation of the blood. He became a head physician in a medical school in Cairo. He was a linguist, philosopher and writer of fiction. He was also the first writer to treat anatomy as a separate and independent discipline.


Ibnul-Nafees tries to prove god’s existence and the messages of the prophets by logic thinking and reasoning. He was able to predict the life of the prophets and including their birth, emigration to Mecca, His jihad(holy war)and death, and Shari’a.


Ibn al Nafis found out that the wall between the right and left ventricles of the heart is solid and without pores, he doubted Galen’s view that the blood passes directly from the right to the left side of the heart. Ibn an-Nafīs said that the blood must pass from the right ventricle to the left ventricle by way of the lungs. But the significance of his statement remained unheeded.